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By John F. Naylor

The debate surrounding the booklet of Richard Crossman's cupboard Diaries (1975) dropped at the fore opposing strategies of 'open' and 'closed' govt inside of Britain's unfastened society. whereas a stability has for the instant been struck about the secrecy of cupboard court cases, a historic query continues to be: by means of what approach, and with what effects, has reputable secrecy come to envelop the practices of recent cupboard executive? This publication tackles that key query, drawing upon a uniquely wide variety of reputable and personal papers to envision the historic improvement of the cupboard workplace, the custodian of cupboard secrecy. proven by way of Lloyd George within the administrative chaos of 1916, the cupboard Secretariat - because it was once first recognized - emerged because the important corporation for the administration of cupboard company, operating heavily with the major Minister himself. In Sir Maurice Hankey's twenty-two-year time period as cupboard secretary, he presided over the institutionalisation of the Secretariat as an place of work unfastened from partisan taint and he for my part served all Britain's inter-war major Ministers as confidant and influential consultant.

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Additional resources for A Man and an Institution: Sir Maurice Hankey, the Cabinet Secretariat and the Custody of Cabinet Secrecy

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Scott, Carson's interlocuter] remarked that it appeared to place the great officers of State in an extremely subordinate position. 106 To strengthen the Secretariat's personnel, the War Cabinet approved, on 18 December, the appointments of four Assistant Secretaries: G. M. 28 A man and an institution Young transferred from the Board of Education; Thomas Jones, for the rest of his life a confidant of the great and their satraps, was posted with Young to the civilian side; Captain Clement Jones and Temporary Captain L.

Hankey used a very selective historical approach for one contemporary purpose: 'Their existence disposes of the argument which followed the institution of the Cabinet Minutes by Mr. Lloyd George that this was such an outrage to tradition as to make Mr. '46 While Hankey sought remote institutional precedent for the work of his Secretariat, he was unaware that records of Cabinet discussions far closer in style to those minutes which he kept had been maintained, albeit for private purposes, by several ministers in the era of Gladstone and Disraeli.

The centralization inherent in Esher's scheme for a Prime Minister's department to oversee defence planning had another profound, if delayed, consequence for nineteenth-century Cabinet government. While Balfour insisted that the CID was an advisory body, its existence transgressed on the departmental concerns of service ministers. '79 The incursion upon departmentalism, particularly from Downing Street, came to characterize the emerging pattern of modern Cabinet government. In the shorter run, the keeping of records in the defence sphere proved a significant departure from traditional Cabinet ways: nor is it coincidental that during the same period the question of proper record-keeping had arisen at the Foreign Office, where the clerks had been unable to maintain an ordered flow of paper: ' It became increasingly difficult to locate past papers, and an endless amount of time was consumed in searching for lost documents.

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