By Takao Terano, Hajime Kita, Toshiyuki Kaneda, Kiyoshi Arai, Hiroshi Deguchi (Editors)
Agent-based modeling/simulation is an rising box that makes use of bottom-up and experimental research within the social sciences. chosen study from that awarded on the 3rd foreign Workshop on Agent-Based techniques in financial and Social complicated platforms 2004, held in might 2004 in Kyoto, Japan, is integrated during this e-book. the purpose of the workshop was once to hire the bottom-up method of social and fiscal difficulties through modeling, simulation, and research utilizing a software program agent. This examine zone is an rising interdisciplinary box one of the social sciences and desktop technological know-how, attracting wide cognizance since it introduces a simulation-based experimental method of difficulties which are turning into more and more complicated in an period of globalization and innovation in info know-how. The state of the art study and findings awarded during this booklet should be essential instruments for a person eager about this swiftly growing to be self-discipline.
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Additional info for Agent-Based Simulation: From Modeling Methodologies to Real-World Applications: Post Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Agent-Based Approaches ... Series on Agent Based Social Systems)
Microscopic Simulation of Financial Markets: From Investor Behavior to Market Phenomena. (Academic Press, San Diego, CA). Lux, T. & Marchesi, M. (1999). Scaling and criticality in a stochastic multi-agent model of a financial market. Nature 397, 498-500 Mantegna, R. & Stanley, H. E. (1999). An Introduction to Econophysics, Cambridge University Press Muchnik, L. & Solomon, S. (2003). Statistical mechanics of conventional traders may lead to non-conventional market behavior. Physica Scripta T106,41-47.
Each generation consists of an iteration of group formation and split, and then the Dilemma game. At the beginning of the genetic phase, each player's strategy in a population is assigned a fitness equal to its average payoff given per payoff received. A partner for crossover is selected by means of a tournament selection. Uniform crossover is accomplished between the strategies of a player and a partner to obtain a new strategy for one offspring if the fitness of the partner is better than that of the player in tournament selection.
The payoff matrix for this area indicates there is a large gain to cheating and large loss to being cheated. We can interpret the situation as transactions of high-price goods. In the area around point P2, y is small but 6 is large. The payoff matrix for this area indicates there is an incentive for cooperation because there is a small difference between the gain of cooperating S and that of cheating B . Moreover the incentive tends to be larger because there is a large difference between S and T .