Download Al Ghazali and the Qur'an: One Book, Many Meanings (Culture by Martin Whittingham PDF

By Martin Whittingham

This ebook is the 1st of its sort to concentration completely at the Qur’anic interpretation of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (1058-1111), a towering determine of Sunni Islam. Martin Whittingham explores either al-Ghazali’s hermeneutical equipment and his interpretations of specific Quranic texts, and covers al-Ghazali’s mystical, felony and theological matters. Divided into elements: half one examines al-Ghazali’s felony and Sufi theoretical discussions half asks how those theories relate to his perform, analysing the single 3 of al-Ghazali’s works that are centrally desirous about examining specific Qur’anic passages: Jawahir al-Qur’an (The Jewels of the Qur’an); Al-Qist as al-mustaqim (The right Balance); and Mishkat al-anwar (The area of interest for Lights). delivering a brand new aspect of entry to the works of al-Ghazali, this booklet can be welcomed through students and scholars of Islamic experiences, spiritual stories, hermeneutics, and a person attracted to how Muslims comprehend the Qur’an.

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Extra info for Al Ghazali and the Qur'an: One Book, Many Meanings (Culture and Civilization in the Middle East)

Example text

Frank sees al-Ghazālī’s references to kasb as incorporating genuine causal capacity in the human agent, thus undermining habitual causation. However, Frank makes no mention of the doctrine of the pervasiveness of divine power (‘umūm al-qudra), by which everything happens directly by God’s power. This doctrine, expounded in underpins kasb in al-Ghazālī’s thought (al-Ghazālī 1962:80–99; translated and discussed in Marmura 1994). Al-Ghazālī’s use of the concept of ta’wīl as a boundary marker is evident in his final work, Iljām al-‘awāmm ‘an ‘ilm al-kalām (The Restraining of the Masses from the Science of Theology) (al-Ghazālī 1351; on its date see Hourani 1984:302).

Griffel bases this claim on al-Ghazālī’s altering the emphasis in thinking about prophecy from the Ash‘arite view to that of the philosophers. Whereas the Ash‘arites relate prophecy to God’s attribute of speech, the Islamic philosophers place more stress on the capacity of an individual prophet to receive revelation. Griffel emphasises the importance of the philosophers’ views of the inner senses for al-Ghazālī’s formulation of the degrees of existence outlined so far. Furthermore, Griffel notes (2004:136) that almost all of the first six chapters of are based on the thought of Ibn Sīnā.

Without more concrete evidence, it seems unnecessary to pare down the purpose of the text to a single motive. Al-Ghazālī’s defence, whether of the community or of himself, is conducted not primarily by argument over specific interpretations but by setting clear conditions for the decision to resort to ta’wīl. A reading of shows that al-Ghazālī’s hermeneutical Al-Ghazali and the Qur’an 22 suggestions are not readily applicable in practice. However, stating this is not to doubt the sincerity of the plea for tolerance.

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