By Maris A. Vinovskis
In school rooms and in dwelling rooms, in examine associations and on Capitol Hill, teenage being pregnant is without doubt one of the such a lot debatable public problems with our day. but finally the research and executive attempt, what's quite identified in regards to the challenge of adolescent being pregnant and the way to house it? and what's the function of the social scientist and historian in a public factor of this type? during this examine, Maris Vinovskis--a sought after demographic historian and a player in either Carter's and Reagan's Presidential tasks on teenage pregnancy--sets those questions inside of a ancient framework and discusses a bunch of present concerns and coverage issues. Vinovskis starts through analyzing adolescent sexuality and childbearing in early the US and comparing no matter if there has in truth been an ''epidemic'' of adolescent being pregnant in American heritage. within the following chapters, he addresses the increase of adolescent being pregnant as a countrywide factor and assesses the government's reaction to it, either in Congress and the Presidency. Bringing his specific skills as a historian and a coverage planner to his research, Vinovskis bargains readers a provocative new context for figuring out a urgent public factor of the Nineteen Eighties.
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Extra info for An ’’Epidemic’’ of Adolescent Pregnancy?: Some Historical and Policy Considerations
S. Women Ages 15 to 19, 1920-1983 number of births as well as in the birth rate for females ages 15 to 19 has occurred. But the overall rates of teenage fertility do not reveal the complexities of the present situation. The health and social consequences of teenage childbearing are very different for girls ages eighteen or nineteen and girls in younger age groups. Most of the adverse consequences of teenage childbearing are associated with having children at very early ages rather than at eighteen or nineteen (Hayes, 1987; Norton, 1974).
Yet an understanding of the relationships between broader societal changes and more specific aspects of life such as adolescent premarital behavior may help us to see our own problems within a more appropriate framework and context. 2 An "Epidemic" of Adolescent Pregnancy? The Reactions of the Carter Administration and the 95th Congress from an Historical Perspective As we have seen in the previous chapter, adolescent pregnancy was not regarded as a serious problem in colonial and nineteenthcentury America.
It is only in the late nineteenth century when age-grading in schools became more prevalent that chronological age and developmental attributes began to be tied together. Historians are still debating whether adolescence as a phase of life as we know it today existed in the past. According to Demos and Demos (1969), while the concept of youth as a general period 18 AN "EPIDEMIC" OF ADOLESCENT PREGNANCY? of semi-dependency existed in the first three-quarters of the nineteenth century, nothing fully resembling today's adolescence existed at that time.